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  Phu Kao–Phu Phan Kham National Park
Catagorize: National Parks & Marine Reserves
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Phu Kao–Phu Phan Kham National Park is located in the area of Nong Bua Lamphu Province, in the lower part of Udon Thani Province and upper part of Khon Kaen Province. The national park office is located by the lake of Ubol Ratana Dam in the north and at Phu Phan Kham Mountain foothill, in Non Sang District of Nong Bua Lamphu Province. The main geology of this area is mountains of sandstone and dry dipterocarp forests which are the habitats of various wildlife and plant species. The park covers the area of 322 square kilometers or 201,250 Rai of nature’s beauty.

Interesting sights of the national park are the Phu Phan Kham and Phu Kao Mountains. Phu Phan Kham Mountain is a part of Phu Phan Mountain Range. At its peak is a beautiful view of the Ubol Ratana Dam, lying northeast and southwest. In the southwest of the mountain is a lower vast-plain of Lam Nam Phong which, after finished building Ubol Ratana Dam, is now a lake and becomes half area of Phu Phan Kham. There are dry dipterocarp forest and mixed deciduous forest growing on the rocky soil. Tourists are allowed to camp in the area provided by the national park or at the pavilion of the Department of Public Welfare near Ubol Ratana Dam. Phu Phan Kham is the habitat of various fish species and also a famous spot for fishing.

Phu Khao consists of nine mountains; Phu Fang, Phu Khum Poon, Phu Hun, Phu Moei, Phu Koh Moh, Phu Chan, Phu Proh, Phu Luak and Phu Wad. The appearance of this mountain range looks like frying pan which has great plain in the center. It can be assumed that this area is the remains of a volcano extinguished millions of years ago, or layers of rock in this area bending up to being mountain ridges. Phu Kao Mountain Range is two peripheral lines of mountain; the outer line consists of high mountains; the inner line consists of lower mountains which its hillside is not much slope. Most of the area alternates between high and low, and some are plains which are the habitat of many wild animals and the location of various caves, waterfall, strange rock formations, prehistoric cave painting of human hands and figures at at Tham Pla Hai and a viewpoint pavilion called Hor Sawan.

Moreover, in the area of Phu Kao, there is also a temple, named Wat Phra Buddha Bat Phu Khao which houses the ancient footprints of human and large dog on a stone, linking to a local folktale about Phra Subhroma Vimokha and a nine-tailed dog. Near the temple, there are caves featuring prehistoric cave paintings.
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