Catagorize: Royal Palace, Museums
Contact: located in the town of Nakhon Pathom 2 Kms. west of Phra Pathom Chedi. Tel. 0 3424 4236-7
The famous Phrabat Somdej Phra Monkut Klao Chaoyuhua Museum or also known as Sanam Chan is located in the Nakhon Pathom province of Thailand. This museum is about 2 km west from the main town of Nakhon Pathom. This museum was built on an area about 355 acres and was constructed by command of King Rama VI in the year B.E.2450 when he was the Crown Prince. At the beginning stage there were two halls in this building. The name of the halls is Phra Thinang Aphirom Reudi and Phra Thinang Phiman Pathom. The names of both the halls were granted by the king in the 27th August of B.E.2454. Later, the Ratanasingh altar that was housed in Samakki Mukamat Hall was adorned with the royal umbrella on June 7, B.E.2466.
The construction of this palace was inspired by the renovation of Phra Pathom Chedi which was to the satisfaction of King Rama VI. Due to its magnificent landscape, the King saw Nakhon Pathom as an ideal place for a leisurely stay. Furthermore, King Rama VI also strategically saw that Nakhon Pathom had the ideal terrain capable of deterring enemy invasion using the river as their route. This could be a consequence from the Rattanakosin Era Year 112 incident, whereby French troops anchored their battleships at the mouth of the Gulf of Thailand blocking the way out and King Rama VI did not want it repeated. He also intended to converted Sanam Chan Palace to be the heart of the second capital should a crisis again develop.
Sanam Chan Palace covers a vast area with a big court in the middle, surrounded by ring roads, and canals on the outer perimeter. There are residential buildings in the Sanam Chan Palace compound that housed the King’s staff. Some of the buildings are run-down while others are still in good condition. Chao Phraya Ramrakop’s residence, then called “Tab Charoen”, is one of the buildings that is still in good condition which, at present, houses the office of the Nakhon Pathom Public Health. The beautiful halls that located in the middle of the Palace include Phiman Pathom Hall, Apirom Reudi Hall, Vatchari Romya Hall, Samakki Mukmat Hall, Phra Tamnak Chali Monkol-asna, Phra Tamnak Mari Ratchrat Banlang, Phra Tamnak Tabkaeo, Phra Tamnak Tabkwan, Thevalai Kanaesuan or Phra Pikkanesh Shrine, and Ya-Lei Monument.
Sanam Chan Palace is the most favourite palace of King Rama VI, judging from his frequent visits. His stays were always at the same time as the military exercises of the Suer Pah Unit. The King would always inspect the Unit and also command the Unit’s exercise. At present, the buildings that were built to serve the Suer Pah Unit, such as the living quarters of the Suer Pah Cavalry Unit and Ranger Unit, and a Suer Pah hospital, can still be seen.
Currently, part of Sanam Chan Palace is under the responsibility of Silpakorn University and Nakhon Pathom Province.
It opens daily except on national holidays. From9am-4pm. (Tickets vendor close at 3.30pm) Admission fees per person: Thai adults 30 baht. Thai children 10 baht. Monks and students 10 baht. Foreigners 50 baht. For more information please call 03424 4236-7 fax 03424 4235